What To See in Salerno
St. Matthews Cathedral
A very fine example of Norman architecture, whose first elements, the Crypt and the Church, were built in 1085. Its current aspect is largely due to the Baroque rebuild. The Cathedral is located in Salernos old town center (specifically, Piazza Duomo).
The castle is part of a powerful defensive system built in the eighth century by the Lombard prince Arechi II. One wing of the castle hosts an exhibition of pottery and other objects from the castle itself, a library, an exhibition hall and a conference hall. The castle dominates the city, of which it offers a fantastic view.
Province Archaeological Museum
Located in the St. Benedetto Church complex (Via San Benedetto 28). The museum collects the finds from excavations carried out in the province from prehistoric to the late Roman Empire time.
Salerno Medical School
The Didactic Museum of the Salerno Medical School is located in the ancient church of St. Gregory. It holds documentation and illustrations of the first grouping of the Medical School in a permanent photo exhibition. The School reached its peak in the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
Via dei Mercanti
This is the main street of the old town center, characterized by its many small shops.
Famous throughout the world for the archaeological remains of the Roman city burned by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, Pompeii remained forgotten until 1595, when the first excavations started. Today, a large part of the old Pompeii has been excavated, providing a lot of information on the Romans way of life and on how they died during the eruption. It is possible to visit the open-air museum, where archaeological remains of the ancient city are on exhibition. Pompeii can be reached by train from Salerno (about 20 minutes) or by car (A3 motorway, exit Pompei).
Popular due to its catastrophic eruption in 79 AD, when its ashes buried the two cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Mount Vesuvius has since then erupted many times, until 1944. Volcanologists keep it under strict monitoring, studying the consequences of its possible eruption. Mount Vesuvius can be reached by bus from Pompeii. The volcano top offers a spectacular view over the Bay of Naples.
Founded by Greek colonists from Sybaris in the sixth century B.C., Paestum is one of the most impressive and precious architectural complexes of Magna Graecia. The ancient city is located within a wall about five kilometers long; it still exhibits three temples (of Neptune, of Hera, aka the Basilica, and of Athena) and is crossed by the Via Sacra; also still standing are the remains of the Forum, of the Gymnasium, of a small Roman temple, and the bouluterion of the Amphitheatre. Nearby the archaeological area is the National Museum, which hosts a rich collection of Greek antiquities. Paestum can be reached by train from Salerno or from Agropoli by train or bus.